United Nations agencies this week launched a plan to improve the management of oceans.
A report prepared by four UN agencies says that 60 per cent of the world’s major marine ecosystems have been degraded and that the international community must step up efforts to improve the marine environment.
The report proposes ten concrete measures, for example on how to propose responsible fisheries and reinforcing the Law of the sea.
The report has been prepared for consideration by the UN conference on sustainable development which will take place in June 2012 (the Rio+20 conference).
The international community has pledged to tackle the challenges of ocean degradation before, at the UN summits of Rio (1992) and Johannesburg (2002). One pledge in 2002 was to restore fish stocks to sustainable levels by 2015. The FAO notes that this objective has not been met. The EU is far from achieving this target.